COLFIRE

The Highway Code

This Highway Code is issued by the Licensing Authority in accordance with Motor Vehicle and Road Traffic Act, Section III (1) of M.V. and R.T. Act Chap. 48: 50.

 

(Resolution passed)

A failure on the part of any person to observe any provision of Highway Code shall not of itself render that person liable to criminal proceedings of any kind, but any such failure may in any proceedings (whether civil or criminal, and including proceedings for and offence under this Act) be relied upon by any party to the proceedings as tendering to establish or to negative any liability which is in question in those proceedings. Section III (4) of the M.V. and R.T. Act Chap. 48:50.

 

Remember:

  1. Children are in special danger, particularly those under the age of five and those who cycle. Protect them and train them in road safety.
  2. Old people may react slowly. Their difficulties are increasing with the continued growth of motor traffic. Give them great consideration.
  3. The blind also need your help. They carry White Walking Stick. Give them every consideration and assistance.
  4. Health is important. Be sure you are fit to use the road. If you are not feeling well don’t drive.Never force yourself to drive.
  5. Lights, Brakes, Steering and Tyres should be frequently checked. Lack of maintenance, may lead to accident.
  6. Alcohol, even in quite small quantities, makes you less safe on the road. The only safe rule is “if you are going to drive, don’t drink”. The same applies to drugs even if taken medicinally.
  7. If a ball appears, there’s a child, beware.
 

Part 1 - PEDESTRIANS

Figure 1

Figure 1

  1. Where there is a sidewalk or footpath, use it. Do not walk next to the Curb with your back to the Traffic. Look both ways before you to step into the road.

  2. Where there is no footpath, walk on the right side of the road, it is safe to walk on the side facing oncoming traffic. Keep as close as possible to the side of the road and walk in single file. Take care at right hand bends.

  3. Do not stand on the roadway to wait on transportation, wait on the sidewalk or footpath.

  4. Do not allow children, up to the age of five at least, to go alone on the road. Go with them, walk between them and traffic, always keep a tight hold of their hands. Do not allow them to run, always set a good example for your children. They learn by imitation. See Figure (1)

  5. Always wear or carry something white or light-coloured or reflective in the dark. This is especially important on roads without footpaths. Motorists can see your better. See Figure (2).

  6. Do not loiter on the roadway or walk on cycle tracks, or wilfully obstruct the free passage.

  7. A marching body on the road should keep on the left hand side. There should be look-outs at a reasonable distance at the front and rear. At night they should carry lights, white at the front of the column and red at the rear.

  8. When crossing the road first look for a safe place to cross, then stop. Makes sure that you can see clearly along the road in all directions, then look right, look left and right again, when it is safe go straight across. Don’t try crossing between parked vehicles. See figure (3).

  9. It is safer to cross at Footbridges, Zebra Crossings, Pedestrians Crossings or where there is a Police Officer or Crossing Patrol.

  10. When crossing the road at junctions, look out for vehicles turning the corner especially from behind.

Figure 2

Figure 2

Figure 3

Figure 3

  1. Do not stand to near too the edge of the pavement. Stop a little way back from the Curb, where you will be away from traffic, but can still see if anything is coming. If there is no pavement or footpath stand back from the edge of the road where you can see traffic coming.

  2. At junctions controlled by traffic lights watch the traffic as well as lights, and cross only when the traffic light is in your favour and the vehicles have stopped. Avoid crossing at uncontrolled inter-sections.

  3. If the traffic lights have a “Cross Now or Walk” signal do not cross until that signal appears.

  4. When Police Officer or School Crossing Patrol is controlling traffic, cross the road only when the officer has signalled you to do so. Always cross in front of him.

  5. Remember that on one way streets there will usually be more than one lane of traffic proceeding in the same direction. Do not walk until it is safe to cross all the lanes of traffic.

  6. When about to cross do not stand behind any vehicle which has its engine running, because it might reverse into you.

  7. Keep out of the road if you see or hear Ambulances, Fire Engines, Police or other Emergency Vehicles with their lamps flashing or sirens sounding.

  8. Do not get off or on a Bus while it is moving, or when it is not a recognised stopping place. When stopping a Bus give a clear signal to the driver. Do not step into the road until it has come to a complete stop.

  9. After getting off a bus never cross behind or in front of it. Wait until it has moved off. Go when it is clear.

  10. Make a habit of assisting the aged, the blind or children to cross the road.

  11. Never open the door of any vehicle before ensuring that it is safe to do so. Get out of the vehicle on the curb side wherever possible.

 

Part 2 - PEDAL CYCLIST

  1. Make sure your cycle is safe to ride. At night you must have in front a white light visible from a reasonable distance. You must also carry in the rear a lighted lamp showing a red light, or a reflector. Your brakes must be kept in proper working order. Your tyres must be in good condition. Your cycle must be fitted with a bell to warn road users of your approach.
  2. A Police Officer in uniform is empowered, and shall be permitted by the owner or the person in charge of any cycle, to test and inspwct the brakes of a cycle when on the road. If the cycle is involved in an accident, within 48 hours the Police can carry out the inspection on any premises.
  3. No Parent, Guardian or any other person having legal custody of a child or young person below the age of 16 years shall knowingly permit such child or young person to ride on a road, a cycle which does not comply with any laws as regards the condition of the cycle.
  4. Do not learn to ride on the public road, it is dangerous. Look for a safe open space.
  5. When getting on or off do so on the left side of the cycle to avoid traffic.
  6. Do not ride abreast another cycle. Do note ride on the sidewalk or footpath. It is an offence to do so.
  7. When you are riding:
    1. Always keep both hands on the handlebar unless you are signalling.
    2. Always keep both feet on the pedals.
    3. Do not hold on to another vehicle or another cyclist.
    4. Do not carry a passenger on your cycle.
    5. Do not ride close behind another vehicle.
    6. Do not carry anything which might affect your balance or become entangled with the wheels or chain.
    7. Do not lead an animal.
    8. Wear light coloured or reflective and fluorescent clothing especially between dusk and dawn, and during inclement weather.
    9. It is an offence to ride whilst under the influence of drink or drugs.
    10. All accidents must be reported to the police immediately.
    11. Move off the street to stop, park or make repairs to your cycle.
    12. Where there is a cycle track use it.
 

Part 3 - MOTORISTS AND MOTOR CYCLISTS

  1. All vehicles must be registered with the Licensing Authority.
  2. Before you drive make sure that your vehicle is licensed and insured.
  3. Keep your vehicles in good condition. Pay attention to lights, horn, brakes, steering, tyres (including spares), windscreen wipers and washers. Keep wind screens, head lamps, indicators, reflectors, mirrors and number plates clean and clear.
  4. Before moving off, look in your rear view mirror, and around to make sure it is clear behind and that nothing is about to overtake. Give a right turn signal and move off when it is safe to do so.
  5. Keep to the left, except when overtaking, or when passing stationary vehicles or for other reasonable or sufficient cause.
  6. Use your rear view mirror often so that you know what is behind you. Do not stare at it, glance in it.
  7. Always keep a special lookout for pedal cycles and motor cycles, particularly when overtaking or turning. Bear in mind that two wheelers are much less easy to see than larger vehicles.
  8. Do not exceed speed limits for the road and for your vehicle. Remember that any speed limit is a maximum. It does not mean that it is always safe to drive at that speed. Always take into consideration the conditions of the road. The speed limit in a built up area is 50 km/h and outside a build up area is 80 km/h.
  9. Never drive at such speed that you cannot stop well within the distance you can see to be clear. Go much slower it the road is wet.
  10. Always keep a safe distance behind the vehicle in front of you, so you can stop if it slows down or stops suddenly. The safe rule is never to get closer than the overall stopping distance as shown as follows.
  11. SHORTEST STOPPING DISTANCES

    km/h Reaction distance Metres Braking distance Metres Overall stopping distance metres

    On a dry road, a good car with good brakes and tyres and an alert driver, will stop in the distance shown.

    Remember these are shortest stopping distances. Stopping distances increase greatly with wet and slippery roads, poor brakes and tyres, and tired drivers.

    30 6 6 12
    50 9 13 22
    60 12 25 37
    80 15 38 53
    100 18 54 72
     
    Shortest Stopping Distances
  1. Pull on the left side of the road, stop and allow the passage of ambulances, fire engines, protective service vehicles or other emergency vehicles when they are sounding horns or sirens or displaying flashing or swivelling lights. Do not chase behind emergency vehicles in an effort to get ahead of traffic.
  2. Driving for a long time may make you feel sleepy. To help prevent this, make sure there is plenty of fresh air in your vehicle. If you become tired, stop and rest at a suitable parking place.
  3. When Towing another vehicle the Tow rope or draw-bar must not exceed five metres.
  4. LANE MARKINGS

  5. Where there is a double white line along the middle of the road, note whether the one nearer to you is continuous or broken and observe these rules:-
    1. If both lines are continuous or the line nearer to you is continuous, keep on the left of it and do not cross or straddle the line(s).
    2. If the line nearer to you is broken, you may cross it, but only do so if you can complete your overtaking safely and before reaching a continuous white line on your side. See Figure (4).
    3. Never cross a single broken white line along the middle of the road unless it is safe to do so.
    4. Never cross a single continuous white line along the middle of the road.
      Figure 4

      Figure 4

      Figure 5

      Figure 5

  6. Keep with the lane markings and cross them only when moving into another lane. You should change lanes only when you have given the appropriate signal and it is safe to perform the manoeuvre. Slow moving traffic should always keep on the left lane. Se Figure (5).
  7. In traffic hold-ups or slow moving traffic do not jump the queue.
  8. Well before you reach a junction, make sure you are in the appropriate lane.
  9. When a vehicle is involved in an accident whereby injury or damage is caused to any person, animal or property the driver of such vehicle shall immediately stop and convey or cause to be conveyed any injured person to a doctor or hospital, give his name and address and Driving Permit particulars to interested parties and immediately report the accident to a Police Officer or the nearest Police Station. It is advisable to mark the position of the wheels of the vehicle(s) involved, in the presence of a witness.
  10. Drive carefully and slowly when pedestrians are about, particularly in crowded shopping streets. When you are approaching a stationary bus or other stationary vehicle, watch out for pedestrians emerging suddenly from behind it.
  11. At pedestrian crossings controlled by the light signals, give way to pedestrians who are crossing when the signal facing you i,s red.
  12. When turning at a road junction, give way to pedestrians who are crossing the road into which you are turning.
  13. When entering or emerging from a private road or property, give way to pedestrians as well as traffic on the public road.
  14. Slow down when pedestrians, processions or other marching groups are in the road, particularly where there is no footpath. Give them plenty of room and be extremely cautious.
  15. When coming to a zebra crossing, keep a look out for pedestrians waiting to cross (particularly children, the elderly, or the infirm).
  16. Go slowly when driving past animals. Give them plenty of room and be ready to stop if necessary. Do not frighten the animals by sounding your horn or reviving your engine.
  17. When a horse or other animal is being led, or ridden you must stop if signalled to do so by the person in charge.
  18. When approaching a junction with a sign marked “Stop” and a white line at the corner, you are to slow down gradually and stop before the white line. Proceed only when the major road is clear. See Figure (8) on page 15.
  19. At a junction look right, then left, then right again. Do not go until you are sure that it is safe to do so. Do not assume that the vehicle approaching from the right which is signalling with its left hand indicator will turn left. Wait to make sure.
  20. Well before you turn right at a junction, look in your rear view mirror to make sure that nothing is about to overtake. When it is safe, make a right turn signal and take up a position just left of the middle of the road with wheel pointing straight leaving room for vehicles from behind to overtake on the left. Wait until it is clear in front then turn.
  21. Remember the driver on each vehicle has a “Blind Spot” in his vision with respect to vehicles overtaking on either side be extra careful.

  22. If you intend to turn left, keep on the left, make a left turn signal in good time, and do not swing out to the right either before or after making the turn.
  23. When crossing a dual carriage-way or turning right into one, treat each half as a separate road. Wait in the central dividing strip (between the two traffic islands) until there is a safe gap in the traffic on the second half of the road. However, where the central reserve is too narrow for the length of your vehicle, you should wait in the side road until you can cross the dual carriage-way in one movement.
  24. At police controlled junctions let the police officer know clearly by your signal which way you want to go. Do not filter left when straight ahead traffic is held up unless you receive a signal to do so.
  25. When a junction is controlled by traffic lights do not go forward when the light is green unless there is room for you to clear the junction completely. Never go forward when the red and amber lights are showing together.
  26. Where there is green arrow filter signal at junctions controlled by the traffic lights, do not enter the filter lane unless you intend to go in the direction shown by the arrow.
  27. When approaching flashing traffic signals, the following should be observed:
    1. A flashing red signal means that you must stop and proceed when it is safe to do so
    2. A flashing amber signal means that you must slow down and proceed with caution.
    3. A flashing green signal means that you must slow down and, if turning, give way to opposing traffic.
    4. A green signal with an amber arrow means that you should slow down and if turning, give right–of-way to opposing traffic.
  28. At traffic lights, vehicles required to “Stop” must wait behind the solid white “Stop” line marked across the approach.
  29. At a roundabout you will see a sign indicating “Roundabout”. The vehicles on the right have the right-of-way. Do not overtake or stop to put down or take up passengers at a roundabout.
  30. Before you reverse make sure that there are no pedestrians or obstructions behind you.
  31. Do not reverse from a side road into a main road.
  32. If your view is restricted, get help before reversing.
  33. It is illegal to reverse at a junction, or around a corner
  34. Figure 6

    Figure 6

    Figure 7

    Figure 7

  35. You must make sure that all your lamps are clean, that they work and that your headlamps are properly adjusted – badly adjusted lamps can dazzle road users and lead to accidents. See Figure (6).
  36. At night always drive well within the limit of your lights.
  37. In built-up areas use dipped headlights.
  38. On unlighted roads always use your bright headlights. When meeting other vehicles dip them. If you are dazzled, slow down or stop. See figure (7).
  39. Drive on dip headlights when driving behind another vehicle.
  40. In daytime whenever visibility is poor, switch on your park or dim lights to enable other road users to see you clearly.
  41. Flashing amber hazard lights have only one meaning – like sounding your horn, it lets other road users know you are there and in distress.It is an offence to use them for any other purpose, e.g., Driving, Parking, in Inclement Weather, etc.
  42. It is an offence to sound your horn unnecessarily at weddings, near a hospital, to attract the attention of persons or to hasten drivers on the green light. It is also illegal to sound horns between the hours of 9.00 p.m. to 5.30 a.m. in the City of Port-of-Spain, the Boroughs of San Fernando and Arima.
  43. Before overtaking consider if it is necessary. To overtake look in your rear view mirror, make sure that nothing is about to overtake you and see that the road ahead is clear.
    Figure 8

    Figure 8

    “Clear means that there is no vehicle approaching from in front; that there are no parked vehicles or road repairs in front of the vehicle that you are about to overtake; that the vehicle in front is not itself overtaking and that there is sufficient space on the left to get back in lane after overtaking. Make a right turn signal. Sound your horn, observe the vehicle in front. When you have sufficient space to overtake, you do so on the right, then travel about three to four car lengths and get back to the left side do not cut in on the vehicle you are overtaking.
  44.  

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    A
    Dangerous Bend

    Dangerous Bend

    B
    Steep Ascend

    Steep Ascend

    C
    Hump Bridge

    Hump Bridge

    D
    Intersection

    Intersection

     
  45. Do not Overtake:
    1. Around a corner or bend.
    2. At the brow of a hill.
    3. On a hump-back bridge.
    4. So that you force another vehicle to swerve or come to a sudden stop.
    5. In a pedestrian crossing zone
    6. If you cannot see far enough ahead.
    7. At an intersection.
    8. At no passing zones.

    IF IN DOUBT, DO NOT OVERTAKE.

  46. Do not Park or Wait:
    1. On a hump back bridge.
    2. At or near a road junction or bend.
    3. At the brow of a hill (as others will be unable to see what may be approaching).
    4. On a footpath or cycle track.
    5. Opposite or nearly opposite another standing vehicle or other obstructions (e.g., road repairs, etc.).
    6. Alongside a standing vehicle.
    7. At a bus Stop, private entrances (e.g., School, Cinema, Hospital).
    8. On a dual carriageway do not park on the right side of the left carriageway.Park only on the extreme left of the carriageway provided there is no other restriction.
    9. Within 3 metres of a fire hydrant of the frontage of a Fire Station.
    10. Within 9 metres of a corner.
    11. So as to obstruct the free movement of vehicles in a Car Park.
    12. On a Pedestrian Crossing Zone.
  47. When you draw up, pull as close as possible to the edge of the road. On a highway pull on to the shoulder of the road.
  48. It is illegal for a vehicle to be parked at night in the city of Port-of-Spain, or the Boroughs of Arima and San Fernando without lights, unless there is painted on the rear of the vehicle and on the right or off-side thereof (on or near as possible to the read off-side mudguard) a white rectangle or circle at least 320 square centimetres in area so as to face, and be visible to, traffic approaching from the rear. You may park without lights at a place appointed solely for parking.
  49. When there is a breakdown, get your vehicle off the road if possible and take the requisite steps to indicate its presence and position by lighting or otherwise to other persons using the road. If you cannot remove it off the road take immediate steps to have it removed as near to the left as possible. See Figure (9).
  50. To drive a taxi you must be the holder of a Taxi Driver’s Badge and Licence. Being the holder of a Class 3 Driving Permit and owning a taxi, does not qualify you to drive a taxi, not even in a case of emergency.
  51. Number plates must be affixed one to the front (not inside) and the other to the back of the Motor vehicle or trailer and in an upright position and must be easily distinguishable. Failing to comply you are liable to a fine of $1,000.00 or 6 months imprisonment, M.V.R.T.R. 9 and M.V.R.T.A., section 91(1) 48:50.

Tie a white cloth to your radio antenna, door handle, or some other place where it may be easily seen. If you do not have a white cloth, raise your bonnet.

Figure 9

Figure 9

 

Part 4 - OTHER ROAD USERS AND ANIMALS

  1. The term “Vehicle” includes carriages, wagons, carts, motor vehicles, bicycles, tricycles, vans, hand carts, sledges, trucks, barrows or any other machines for the portage of goods or persons. (This includes Roller Skates and Skate Boards). The owners or person in charge of, tricycles, hand carts, sledges, barrows, etc., are required to obey all traffic laws of Trinidad and Tobago.

  2. Do not let your dog stray. When you take it for a walk, or when it is in your car, keep it under control.

  3. Make sure that the road is clear before you let or take animals on to the road.

  4. If you are riding a horse keep to the left.

  5. When leading an animal in the road always place yourself between it and the traffic, and keep the animal to the edge of the road.

  6. If you are herding animals along the road and there is someone with you send him on ahead to warn traffic at danger points such as bends, brow of a hill, and carry a light after sunset.

  7. Do not allow your cattle to stray. They can be impounded. The term “Cattle” includes, cow, goat, sheep, swine – M.V.R.T.R., section 56(7) 48-50.

  8. Do not tether your cattle with a rope that is too long that it can reach the road.

  9. Learn the meaning of road signs.

  10. Do not chase your ball or playmate on the road.

  11. It is the parents responsibility to teach their children road-safety habits, set them a good example at all times.

  12. Do not send children on errands if they have to cross busy streets.

  13. No person shall wilfully drive, ride, draw or propel a vehicle or ride an animal upon any footpath or pavement by the side of any road made or set apart for the use or accommodation of pedestrians. M.V.R.T.R., Regulation 57 48-50

 

SIGNS AND SIGNALS

DRIVERS AND RIDERS SIGNALS TO OTHER ROAD USERS

These signals should be given by drivers, motor cyclists, pedal cyclists and those in charge of horses. Signal clearly, decisively and in good time. Fully extend the arm. After signalling carry out your intended manoeuvre only when it is safe to do so.

I intend to MOVE OUT or TURN to my RIGHT or Dangerous to overtake.

"I intend to MOVE OUT or TURN to

my RIGHT" or Dangerous to overtake.

I intend to SLOW DOWN or STOP

"I intend to SLOW DOWN

or STOP"

I intend to PULL IN or TURN TO MY LEFT

"I intend to PULL IN or TURN TO MY LEFT"

 

DRIVERS AND RIDERS SIGNALS TO POLICE OFFICERS CONTROLLING TRAFFIC

I want to go STRAIGHT ON

"I want to go STRAIGHT ON"

I want to TURN RIGHT

"I want to TURN RIGHT"

I want to TURN LEFT

"I want to TURN LEFT"

 

The left turn and right turn signals may also be given by a mechanical or flashing indicator.

 

DIRECTION INDICATOR SIGNALS

I intend to move out to the right or turn right

"I intend to move out to

the right or turn right"

I intend to move out to the left or turn left

"I intend to move out to

the left or turn left"

 

 

POLICE SIGNALS

STOP

Vehicles approaching from Front

Vehicles approaching from Front

 

Vehicles approaching from Behind

Vehicles approaching from Behind

 

Vehicles approaching from both front and behind

Vehicles approaching from both front and behind

 

COME ON

Beckoning on a Vehicle from Front

Beckoning on a Vehicle from Front

 

Beckoning on a Vehicle from Behind

Beckoning on a Vehicle from Behind

 

Beckoning on a Vehicle from the side

Beckoning on a Vehicle from the side

 

 

DANGER WARNING SIGNS

Slippery Road

Slippery Road

Falling Rocks

Falling Rocks

Pedestrian Crossing

Pedestrian Crossing

Cross Wind

Cross Wind

Diversion to the other Carriageway of a dual Carriageway

Diversion to the other Carriageway of a dual Carriageway

Danger

Danger

Road Leads to quay or riverbank

Road Leads to quay or riverbank

Loose Gravel

Loose Gravel

Animals Crossing

Animals Crossing

 

 

 

Carriageway Narrows (both sides)

Carriageway Narrows (both sides)

Hump Bridge

Hump Bridge

Headroom Restriction

Headroom Restriction

Intersection

Intersection

Road Works

Road Works

Intersection with a road the users of which have the Right-of-Way

Intersection with a road the users of which have the Right-of-Way

Dangerous Bend

Dangerous Bend

Dangerous Double Bend

Dangerous Double Bend

Steep Descent

Steep Descent

 

 

 

Steep Ascent

Steep Ascent

Children Crossing

Children Crossing

Airfield

Airfield

Roundabout

Roundabout

Right-hand Lane or dual carriageway road closed to traffic

Right-hand Lane or dual carriageway road closed to traffic

Two-way Traffic

Two-way Traffic

Traffic Signals

Traffic Signals

Lane Closed

Lane Closed

Merging Traffic

Merging Traffic

 

 

 

Machinery Crossing

Machinery Crossing

Sharp deviation to the left

Sharp deviation to the left

 

 

 

REGULATORY SIGNS

Stop/Go Boards

Stop/Go Boards

Stop/Go Boards

Stop/Go Boards

Stop - school children crossing

Stop - school children crossing

No entry for any power driven vehicle except two-wheeled motor cycles

No entry for any power driven vehicle except two-wheeled motor cycles

No entry for power driven agricultural vehicles

No entry for power driven agricultural vehicles

No entry for vehicles having an overall width exceeding 2 metres

No entry for vehicles having an overall width exceeding 2 metres

No Left Turn

No Left Turn

No Right Turn

No Right Turn

Prohibition of the use of audible warning devices

Prohibition of the use of audible warning devices

 

 

 

Stop

Stop

Give Way

Give Way

Direction to be followed

Direction to be followed

Pass either side

Pass either side

Direction to be followed

Direction to be followed

Pass this side

Pass this side

No Entry

No Entry

No Entry for goods vehicles

No Entry for goods vehicles

No Entry for vehicles 5 tonnes laden weight

No Entry for vehicles 5 tonnes laden weight

 

 

 

No U-Turn

No U-Turn

No Overtaking

No Overtaking

Maximum Speed Limit in km/h

Maximum Speed Limit in km/h

Maximum Speed Limit in km/h

Maximum Speed Limit in km/h

Parking Prohibited

Parking Prohibited

Stopping Prohibited

Stopping Prohibited

No entry for vehicles having an overall height exceeding 3.5 metres

No entry for vehicles having an overall height exceeding 3.5 metres

No entry for vehicles having a weight exceeding 2 tonnes on one axle

No entry for vehicles having a weight exceeding 2 tonnes on one axle

No entry for vehicles or combination of vehicles exceeding 10 metres in length

No entry for vehicles or combination of vehicles exceeding 10 metres in length

 

 

 

 

 

INFORMATIVE SIGNS

Hospital

Hospital

Parking Permitted

Parking Permitted

Direction Sign

Direction Sign

No through road to vehicular traffic

No through road to

vehicular traffic

No through traffic in direction indicated

No through traffic in

direction indicated

 

TRAFFIC LIGHT SIGNALS

Red Traffic Light

RED means STOP.

Wait behind the stop line

on the carriagway.

Red and Amber Traffic Light

RED and AMBER also means

STOP. Do not pass through

or start until GREEN shows.

Green Traffic Light

GREEN means you may

GO ON if the way is clear.

Take special care if you mean

to turn left or right and give

way to pedestrians who

are crossing.

Amber Traffic Light

AMBER means STOP

at the stop line.

You may only go on if the

AMBER appears after you

have crossed the stop line

or are so close to it that

to pull up might cause

an accident.

Green Arrow Traffic Light

GREEN ARROW means that

you may go in the direction

shown by the arrow.

You may do this whatever other

lights may be showing provided

you give way to vehicles already

proceeding across your path.

No Right Turn

NO RIGHT TURN

(Traffic Signals)

No Left Turn

NO LEFT TURN

(Traffic Signals)

Box Intersection Ahead

Box Intersection Ahead

Do Not Enter Box

unless your exit is clear

 

LAW DEMANDS

These pages deal with major points of law affecting safety on the road. For the precise wording of the law you should refer to Act 48:50 and 48:51 and the Summary Offence Act. These are indicated in the margin by the following abbreviations:-

 

S.O.A. Summary Offences Act.
M.V.R.T.A. Motor Vehicles and Road Traffic Act.
M.V.R.T.R. Motor Vehicles and Road Traffic Regulations.
M.V.I.A. Motor Vehicles Insurance Act.

 

 

PEDEDSTRIANS - YOU MUST NOT

(1)
S.O.A. Sect.52
You must not be drunk on the street.
(2)
S.O.A. Sect.67
You must not wilfully obstruct the free passage in any street.
(3)
S.O.A. Sect.67
Throw or leave on any street any bottle, glass or any other sharp pointed article likely to cause injury or damage to passengers or animals or to the tyres of vehicles.
(4)
M.V.R.T.R. Reg. 48
You must not proceed across the current flow of traffic against a traffic signal given by any police officer on point duty or impede any vehicle from proceeding in the direction indicated.

 

 

PEDAL CYCLIST - YOU MUST NOT

(1)
M.V.R.T.A. Sect. 76(1)
Carry more than one person unless the cycle is constructed to carry more than one.
(2)
M.V.R.T.A. Sect. 77(1)
Ride more than two abreast.
(3)
M.V.R.T.A. Sect. 77(2)(a)
Hold on to any moving vehicle
(4)
M.V.R.T.A. Sect. 77(2)(b)
Ride without at least one hand being on the handle bar.
(5)
M.V.R.T.R. Reg. 54
Ride under the influence of drink or a drug.
(6)
M.V.R.T.R. Reg. 52
Ride recklessly or at a speed or in a manner dangerous to the public.
(7)
M.V.R.T.R. Reg. 53
Ride without due care and attention or without reasonable consideration for other persons using the road.
(8)
M.V.R.T.R. Reg. 57
Ride upon any footpath or pavement.
(9)
M.V.R.T.R. Reg. 33(1)
Ride without a bell capable of giving audible and sufficient warning of approach.

 

 

BEFORE CYCLING MAKE SURE THAT

(10)
M.V.R.T.R. Sect. 34(1)C
At night a white light is showing to the front and red light to the rear and an efficient red reflector
(11)
M.V.R.T.R. Sect. 33(3)
Your cycle has efficient brakes.
(12)
M.V.R.T.R. Sect. 37
Note: - It is an offence for a parent or guardian to allow a child or young person below the age of 16 years to ride a bicycle which does not comply with the above precision (10 & 11).

 

 

YOU MUST

(13)
M.V.R.T.R. Sect. 38(5)1
Keep to the left of the road unless prevented by some sufficient cause.
(14)
M.V.R.T.A. Sect. 64(8)B
Comply with the direction of all road signals.
(15)
M.V.R.T.A. Sect. 64(8)A
Conform to rule of the road in regard to all kind of traffic and must stop at the request of a police officer in uniform.
(16)
M.V.R.T.R. Sect. 38(8)
Make proper signal when about to slow down or stop or when about to turn right or left.

 

 

MOTOR CYCLE

(1)
M.V.R.T.A. Sect. 43(1)
When riding a motor cycle or carrying a passenger both must wear an approved safety helmet.
(2)
M.V.R.T.A. Sect. 42(3)
You must carry an “L” plate in front and behind of the motor cycle when learning to ride. No Pillion riders are allowed.

 

 

MOTORIST

(1)
M.V.R.T.A. Sect.12(1)
Your vehicle must be registered.
(2)
M.V.R.T.A. Sect.21
Your vehicle must be licensed.
(3)
M.V.R.T.A. Sect.42(1)
You must be the holder of a driving permit valid for the class of vehicle you intend to drive.
(4)
M.V.R.T.A. Sect.56(1)
You must have on your person or in the motor vehicle your driving permit.
(5)
M.V.R.T.I.A. Sect.20 (1)
A person who drives or is in charge of a motor vehicle on any road shall have either on his person or in the motor vehicle his Certificate of Insurance for production to police.
(6)
M.V.R.T.R. Sect.49
No musical instrument shall be played, no noisy instrument shall be played or operated in any motor vehicle whilst in motion, without the written permission from the Licensing Authority.
(7)
M.V.R.T.A. Sect.70 (1)
You must not be under the influence of drink or drugs, you can be arrested without warrant. Note : - on first conviction you are liable to a fine of $2,000.00 or imprisonment for six months and shall be disqualified for twelve months or more. Second conviction you are liable to a fine of $4,000.00 or twelve months; and disqualified permanently
(8)
M.V.R.T.R. Sect.28 (f)1
See that your brakes and steering are in good working order and properly adjusted.
(9)
M.V.R.T.R. Sect.28 (1)
The condition of your vehicle and of any trailer it may be drawing and of all parts and accessories is such that no danger is likely to be caused to yourself or others.
(10)
M.V.R.T.R. Sect.28 (j)
Your silencer is efficient.
(11)
M.V.R.T.R. Sect.28 (k)
Your vehicle has lights and reflectors which comply with the regulations (no unauthorised lights).
(12)
M.V.R.T.R. Sect.38 (12)1
Your horn is in working order a type approved by the Licensing Authority (No musical horn).
(13)
M.V.R.T.R. Sect.38 (13)
Fumes and smoke are not emitted.
(14)
M.V.R.T.R. Sect.38 (15)
No load shall project on either side of a motor vehicle for more than 300 millimetres beyond the plain of the wheels or trailer, nor shall project more than 1.5 metres in front and behind.
(15)
M.V.R.T.R. Sect. 40
Your vehicle has a rear view mirror so fitted that you can see traffic behind you.
(16)
M.V.R.T.R. Sect.42
In case of a goods vehicle, your load must be properly secured to prevent displacement.
(17)
M.V.R.T.R. Sect.43
Your vehicle is not excessively noisy to cause annoyance to any person. Note: - Your vehicle licence will be suspended for noisy muffler.
(18)
M.V.R.T.R. Reg. 44(1)
You must not have defective tyres.
(19)
M.V.R.T.A. Sect. 23
Your vehicle must not be painted in the colour or combinations of colours used by the Trinidad and Tobago Protective Services.
(20)
M.V.R.T.A. Sect. 23(1)(d)
Your vehicle windshield and glass must not be so tinted, treated or darkened so as to obscure the view of the inside from outside.
(21)
M.V.R.T.R. Reg. 28(m)
See the front and rear lamps are alight at nights and your rear number plate is illuminated.
(22)
M.V.R.T.R. Reg. 28 Rule 2
Be in such a position that you can exercise proper control over your vehicle and retain full view at all times of the road and traffic ahead.
(23)
M.V.R.T.R. Reg. 9
Conform to rules of the road in regard to all kinds of traffic and comply with direction of any Police Officer regulating traffic
(24)
M.V.R.T.R. Reg. 14
Stop when required to do so by a Transport Officer or Police Officer.

 

To turn right or left on a wide One Way Street (three lanes) signal with your hand or flashing indicators and position your vehicle well before you get to the junction as shown in Fig. (10).

Figure 10

 

(25)
M.V.R.T.A. 48-50 Sect. 62(1)
Observe speed limits or any speed limit to which your type of vehicle is subjected.

 

 

YOU MUST NOT

(26)
M.V.R.T.A. Sect. 71(1)
Drive recklessly or at a speed or in manner which is dangerous to the public.
(27)
M.V.R.T.A. Sect. 72
Drive without due care and attention or without reasonable consideration for other road users.
(28)
M.V.R.T.A. Sect. 74(1)(a)
Use a vehicle without the consent of the owner
(29)
M.V.R.T.A. Sect. 75
Without the knowledge or permission of the owner interfere with or attempt to interfere with the levers, starter, brake or machinery of a vehicle.
(30)
M.V.R.T.A. Reg. 38 Rule (1)

Travel backwards for a greater distance or time that may requisite for the safety of occupants or other traffic. In Port-of-Spain and San Fernando you must not reverse around a corner.

(31)
M.V.R.T.A. Reg. 38 Rule 5(3
Overtake other traffic unless you have a clear and unobstructed view of the road ahead and can overtake and get back to the left before meeting oncoming traffic.
(32)
M.V.R.T.A. Reg. 38 Rule 5(6)
Overtake when rounding a corner , or at an intersection, on the brow of a Hill or over a hump – back bridge
(33)
M.V.R.T.A. Reg. 38 Rule 5(10)
Park your vehicle within a distance of 9 metres from any corner or road intersection.
(34)
M.V.R.T.A. Reg. 38 Rule 5(12)
Leave a motor vehicle standing within three metres of a fire hydrant.
(35)
M.V.R.T.A. Reg. 38 Rule 11
Draw up alongside another vehicle.
(36)
M.V.R.T.A. Reg. 38 Rule 6

Negligently or wilfully prevent, hinder or interrupt the free passage of any vehicle, person or animal or allow any vehicle to stand in any road so as to cause unnecessary obstruction.

(37)
M.V.R.T.A. Reg. 57
Drive any vehicle on any pavement or footpath.
(38)
M.V.R.T.A. Reg. 38 Rule 11
Leave any Motor Vehicle drawn up on any public road for an undue length of time.
(39)
M.V.R.T.A. Reg. 38 Rule 12(1)
Sound your horn unnecessarily or when your vehicle is stationary.
(40)
M.V.R.T.R. Sect.38(12)2
Sound your horn at night between the hours of 9 p.m. to 5.30 a.m. in the City of Port-of-Spain, Boroughs of San Fernando and Arima.
(41)
M.V.R.T.R. Sect.38(16)
Allow any Motor Vehicle to be over crowded with persons.
(42)
M.V.R.T.R. Sect.38(17)
Allow any person to be conveyed on goods vehicle or trailer unless seated, nor to be carried in such a position that danger is caused or likely to be caused to any person.
(43)
M.V.R.T.R. Sect.38(18)

Leave on any public road a Motor Vehicle which has broken down without taking the requisite steps to indicate its presence by lighting and taking immediate steps to have it removed as near to the left of the road as possible.

(44)
M.V.R.T.R. Sect.76
If driving a taxi you must not use a horn or other instrument for the purpose of calling passengers.
(45)
M.V.R.T.R. Sect.22(1)
It is illegal to carry passengers in a "T" Goods vehicle without the permission of the Licensing Authority.
(46)
M.V.R.T.R. Sect.38(3)
Before quitting the vehicle, stop the engine and apply the brakes.
(47)
M.V.R.T.R. Sect.38(11)
Draw up as close as possible to the side of the road.
(48)
M.V.R.T.A. Sect.56(2) and (3)

When required by a Police Officer or Transport Officer in uniform to produce your driving permit or provisional permit for examination you must do so or you are liable to a fine of five hundred dollars.

(49)
M.V.R.T.A. Sect.79(1)
If involved in an accident which causes damage or injury to person, vehicles or property or any animal not in your vehicle. You must stop, take the injured to the nearest doctor or hospital, give your name and address to interested persons and report to the nearest Police Station or to a constable in uniform immediately.

 

 

TIPS TO SAFE DRIVING

No one can be considered a safe driver unless his traffic habits include care, courtesy, responsibility and common sense as fundamentals for safety.
No method of approach to the traffic problem will bring more beneficial results than your observance of the following rules.

  1. Consider the rights and privileges of others.
  2. Drive your vehicle at a reasonable and safe speed at all times.
  3. Dip your headlights at night to all oncoming traffic.
  4. Give full and individual attention to your driving. If you want to enjoy the scenery, park your vehicle.
  5. Always keep a safe distance behind the vehicle in front of you.
  6. Keep your brakes, lights, steering mechanism and tyres in good operating condition at all times.
  7. Do not insist on right-of-way. Life and health are much more important.
  8. Watch the car behind and signal your intention to stop or change direction
  9. Never overtake on the brow of a hill or curve or at any point where your view is obstructed.
  10. Observe road signs and signals. They have a definite purpose-to prevent accidents.
  11. The white cane, the symbol of the blind, exercise caution.
  12. Never drive on a strange road as fast as you would on one that you know.
  13. When approaching a steep incline change to a lower gear, do the same when descending.
  14. Never drive when you become sleepy.
  15. Slow moving traffic must always keep in the left lane.
  16. When foot brakes fail don't panic, remember your hand brakes and shift to a lower gear.
  17. Do not throw objects out of vehicles.

Certain things are considered unsafe and are therefore not allowed.

  1. A red light showing from in front.
  2. A siren or exhaust whistle, except on emergency vehicle.
  3. A muffler cut-out
  4. Anything that extends more than 300 millimetres beyond the plane of the wheels.
  5. Using the shoulder of the road as a Highway.
  6. Flashing amber hazard lights when driving or parking. They must only be used to warn of an unusual traffic hazard.
 

YOUR KEYS TO SAFE DRIVING

  1. Obeying traffic laws is the master key.
  2. Courtesy comes before right of way.
  3. Physical Fitness.
    Let someone else take the wheel if you are not physically or mentally alert.
  4. Proper care of your car.
  5. Good vision.
  6. Proper signalling.
  7. Adjusting your speed to the condition of the road.
  8. “If you drink, don’t drive.”
    “If you must drive, don’t drink.”
 

PRECAUTIONS

BEWARE OF CARBON MONOXIDE POISONING

DON'T:

  1. Leave a motor running in a garage.
  2. Leave the vents open when following closely behind another car.
  3. Leave the motor running and the windows closed while the car is parked.
  4. Drive with a defective muffler or exhaust system.
  5. Operate an air conditioner in a parked car with the windows closed.

 

MAKE THIS A MUST USE SAFETY BELTS

Safety Belts
Safety Belts

USE SAFETY BELTS

 

Safety belts are life belts. They help to keep you:

  1. From being thrown from your car. (Your chances of being killed are five times greater if you are thrown from your car).
  2. From hitting the dashboard too hard.
  3. In better control of your car.

Whatever your reason for not wearing safety belts, it is not reasonable!

 

WHY YOU SHOULD NOT DRINK AND DRIVE

  1. Alcohol slows down reactions.
  2. Alcohol impairs vision.
  3. Alcohol interferes with concentration.
  4. Alcohol creates a false sense of confidence.

Remember for the average person, it takes one hour for the effects of one drink (30 ml) to wear off.

 

 

SPEED LIMITS

M.V.R.T.A. 48-50 Second Schedule

CLASS OF VEHICLE MAXIMUM SPEED - KILOMETRES
Inside a built-up area Outside a built-up area
(km per hour) (km per hour)
(a)
Tractor except a goods vehicle or private car with or without trailer.
20 35
Motor Omnibus 50 65
(b)
Motor vehicle constructed to carry more than Ten passengers.
50 65
(c)
Goods vehicle the Licensed M.G.W. of which exceeds 2,540 kilogram without trailer.
50 65
(d)
Goods vehicle the Licensed M.G.W. of which exceeds 2,540 kilogram with trailer.
50 65
(e)
Private motor car with trailer.
50 65
(f)
Any other motor vehicle
50 80

 

Safe and Happy Motoring